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The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is the United Nations specialized agency in charge with the development of a safe, efficient and regulated international shipping industry and the prevention of the marine pollution by ships.

The International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code was developed as an international Code for the maritime transport of Dangerous Goods in packaged form, in order to enhance and harmonize the safe carriage of Dangerous Goods and to prevent pollution to the environment.

The IMO’s Safety of Life at Sea Convention (SOLAS) addresses maritime safety and its most recent update is from 1974.

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.

General Headquarters of Unit of Port Captaincies are in charge of the several aspects of the port and maritime activities, of the safeguard of human life at sea, of the secure sailing and safe maritime transport, of the marine environment protection.